Tulips like relatively well-draining soil to prevent rotting. They need sun during their growth cycle, which corresponds to sunny beds in winter and spring since their cycle is over in May. This can be a south-east to south-west parterre exposure, but also under trees and deciduous shrubs that let in winter sunlight while draining the soil with their root system.
Garden tulip bulbs are best planted from mid-October to mid-November, early December at the latest. Botanical tulips, which are earlier, can be planted as early as September. The bulbs are installed in a loosened ground, at a depth which makes three times minimum the height of the bulb. They will be thus under at least two heights of bulb of ground.
How to choose your tulip seeds ?
In the stores, observe well the seeds/bulbs and buy only healthy bulbs, neither too desiccated, neither moldy, nor stained. By mail order, the quality is very often good, but if it is doubtful, do not hesitate to make a complaint by e-mail with photo.
It is obvious that you will choose your tulips according to their color and their shape. But to associate several colors and invent your beds, other criteria must be taken into account: associate if possible tulips which bloom at the same time (early, mid-season or late) and also take into account the height and the size of the flower, because if the differences are too important or not enough, the result can be disappointing. That’s why well-designed, ready-made mixes are interesting.
On the other hand, you can choose what you like if you plant them in a uniform group: one variety at a time, planted tightly (one bulb every 4 inches or so). This way they make a cheerful patch of color that is very easy to combine with other plants. In an informal bed, the effect is more natural if the seeds are spaced irregularly: one technique is to drop or toss them gently and plant them precisely where they are.
When to plant tulip seeds?
Tulips are planted in autumn for flowering in early spring. Planted in October, the tulip has plenty of time to establish itself before the cold winter weather.
Where to plant tulip seeds ?
Planting tulip seeds
Grown in sandy, well-drained soil, tulips should be planted around October so that they can take advantage of the first rays of spring sunshine when they begin to bloom.
The bulbs should be buried two to three times their height with a little compost. They should be planted in the sun in fairly rich soil that is not too wet in winter. Tulips adapt well to all climates. The multiplication is carried out by division of the bulbs.
The tulip can also be grown in a pot or window box. Choose a terracotta container, which is more suitable for cultivation because the roots breathe better than in a plastic pot. To facilitate drainage of the soil, consider placing a bed of gravel or clay balls at the bottom of the pot.
Tulips are not very fragile: they do not fear diseases and do not attract pests. As soon as the flowers have faded, they should be cut back to prevent seeds from forming. The foliage must be preserved because it is essential to the bulb to be able to reconstitute itself and bloom again the following year.
Tulips must be renewed regularly: grown in a garden, they degenerate on average after two or three years. Note that the tulip goes very well with the daffodil.
Fertilization and watering
It is possible to improve the blooming by bringing a fertilizer for bulbs as soon as the first tulip leaves come out.
- Tulip fertilizer is used both at planting and during the growth phase.
When the tulips come out, there is usually enough rainfall to avoid watering.
In pots, tulips should be watered when the soil surface is dry.
Diseases and pests of the tulip
Nematodes are the main pests of tulip plants. They destroy the bulbs. When the plants are affected, destroy them and burn them to avoid spreading in the garden.
The tulip also fears attacks by aphids as well as bulb mites. If attacked, the tulip will wilt and spots may appear on the leaves. Opt for a nettle maceration to get rid of them.
Things to know about tulips
Tulips are bulbous plants with solitary stems that are particularly popular for decorating most gardens in late winter and early spring.
There are more than 125 species and thousands of varieties of as many colors and shapes.
That lets you imagine the number of compositions that can be made.
It is considered to be the queen of bulbous flowers and flowers gardens, terraces and balconies advantageously.
- The large number of varieties sold on the market makes it possible to diversify the forms and the colors and especially to offer to each one the combination which is appropriate to him!