Kalanchoe is a succulent plant native to Africa and Madagascar. Very sensitive to cold, this tropical perennial is cultivated in pots and indoors in our regions, in order to enjoy its beautiful flowering and/or its highly decorative foliage for a long time.
Which kalanchoe can be cultivated at home?
Depending on the species, there are more than a hundred of them, kalanchoe can be shrubby or climbing. Its shape, dimensions, as well as its flowering and foliage vary greatly from one species to another. Among the most cultivated ones, we find in particular:
- the essential Kalanchoe blossfeldiana, which measures up to 40 cm in all directions and offers a flowering in tight clusters composed of tubular flowers in red, orange, yellow, white or pink depending on the variety;
- Kalanchoe calandiva, which produces double flowers in rosettes with colors as diverse as those of the Blossfeld Kalanchoe;
- the chandelier plant, Kalanchoe tubiflora, which measures 30 cm in height and produces long cylindrical gray-green and brown-red leaves, as well as a pendant reddish-orange flowering grouped in panicles;
- Kalanchoe behariensis, a shrubby species that reaches 1 m in height in a pot and offers a very ornamental long and triangular foliage, covered with down and a gray to light brown color;
- Kalanchoe pumila, a small creeping kalanchoe, which measures 30 cm in height and offers oval and toothed leaves tinted with white bloom, as well as a winter flowering in clusters of pink-mauve flowers.
Cultivating kalanchoe indoors
In our latitudes, kalanchoe is cultivated in pots to protect it from the cold. Indeed, this tropical plant does not tolerate temperatures below 10°C.
Place its pot in a bright location. If it needs to be brought indoors for the winter, your potted kalanchoe can spend the summer outside on your balcony or terrace. However, be careful to protect it from the scorching sun.
During the growing season, water your tropical perennial once every 15 days, without wetting its foliage. You can water it up to once a week during flowering.
In winter, reduce your watering to once a month, so that the substrate does not dry out completely.
Repot your kalanchoe in spring in a well-drained substrate (special soil for Mediterranean plants or soil for flowering plants mixed with coarse sand).
An application of fertilizer once a month during the summer helps support flowering and the beauty of the foliage. Also, make sure to remove faded flowers and dead leaves as they appear.
Practical Sheet Kalanchoe
|Native to Madagascar.
|Species and genus
|Plant with fleshy leaves and flowers formed by numerous buds; it resembles a succulent plant.
|Bright green, evergreen.
|Very long flowering, red-pink-orange-yellow-white.
|0.30 m in height, approximately 0.20 m in width.
|It easily adapts to all light conditions.
|Repot after flowering.
|Mixture of sand, leaf compost, and peat.
|Bright light, without intense sunlight.
|Repot after flowering in a larger pot by two centimeters, being careful not to break the root ball. Add special potting soil for green plants and water abundantly after repotting.
|It stores water in its leaves to withstand drought.
|Regular, allow the soil to dry between waterings.
|Flower plant liquid fertilizer, every fifteen days from May to September.
|Regularly remove faded leaves. Prune the plant by half in spring to promote a bushier appearance and enhance flower production.
|No specific diseases or pests.
You can take your Kalanchoe outside in summer, sheltered from the scorching sun; it will then live like a succulent plant. If its foliage turns red, it means it has been exposed to excessive sunlight.