The daffodil sprout from February to May. Its bloom is generally of short duration, 15 days at most. Its height varies from 3 to 23 inches according to the varieties. The daffodil flowers, yellow, are composed of 3 petals and 3 sepals, that is to say 6 tepals. They reach a diameter from 2 to 3 inches.
The daffodil is a flower which likes rich, deep and well drained soils. Thus, one avoids too heavy and wet soils. This flower needs heat, one exposes it then to the sun and half-shade. It resists the cold, indeed, some varieties can tolerate up to 5° F.
Planting the daffodil
Daffodils are easy to grow and will enjoy themselves in most gardens but will sprout best in rather rich soils.
For a bloom in spring :
Daffodil bulbs are ideally planted in September, October and November.
Make a hole about 3 times the height of the bulb to protect it from winter frost.
Make sure that the soil is well drained, as stagnant water could cause the bulb to rot.
If the soil is compact, do not hesitate to put a handful of sand at the bottom of the hole.
The daffodil bulb is planted with the point upwards.
Plant dozens of them in the same place to create real spots of color!
You can vary the exposure to the sun in order to have different flowering periods.
Respect a spacing of about 2 inches and create several “spots” by planting your bulbs in sets of 8/10 bulbs.
In pot for a bloom in winter:
Florists offer pretty potted daffodils during the winter period.
We are outside the classic flowering periods because the bulbs have been forced to do so.
You too can make daffodils bloom inside your home from autumn to early spring.
- From September to January,
- In a pot or a bowl, make a bed of potting soil on 1 or 2 inches.
- Place 2 or 3 daffodil bulbs so that they touch each other for a nice compact effect.
- Cover with potting soil, leaving just the tips of the bulbs sticking out.
- Place in a cool, dark and relatively humid place.
- As soon as the leaves come out, place the cup in a bright and slightly cooler place (about 50-60 °F).
- A few days later you will be able to put them in your house to enjoy the flowering.
The daffodil is watered moderately, without soaking the soil so that the bulb does not rot. If temperatures drop during the winter, it is important to protect the daffodil’s leaves with a winter fleece. In contrast, daffodils in pots should be tucked in and placed in a bright place.
Do not cut the daffodil’s foliage but let it turn yellow. This will help the daffodil to recover the following year. Also, do not forget to fold back the stems of wilted flowers.
If the daffodil receives too much water, if the soil or substrate is poorly drained, the flower will rot. Also watch out for slugs and snails that take pleasure in devouring bulbous plants. To repel them, you can put up barriers of crushed eggshells to repel slugs. In the same way, place pieces of brick around the area to attract snails.
Daffodil watering and fertilizing
In the open ground, daffodils do not water before flowering. Be careful not to install the bulbs in a too clayey and too wet soil, in order to avoid their rotting.
After planting, cover the bulbs with fertilizer mulch or a bed of dry leaves. When the daffodils bloom, make sure the soil is moist, this will prolong the blooming of the flowers. Once the spikes are deflowered, do not cut the foliage before it is yellowed.
This allows the bulbs to be nourished and to start again the next season. You can also tie the leaf stems on themselves so that they are not too visible in spring beds.
In pots, there is no need to amend the daffodil bulbs and no need for heavy watering either for forced bulbs. A simple spray on the substrate to maintain humidity will be sufficient.
From March to June, the typical species produces flowers of a bright golden yellow, 3 to 5 cm wide, grouped by 2 or 5, formed of a small central crown or trumpet, and 6 corolla or perianth petals.
Delicately scented, they give off an odor close to that of orange blossom. Its bloom lasts between 8 and 15 days.