To develop, the avocado tree needs to be pollinated in order to develop its fruiting. Concerning this tree, the flower opens twice. It opens as female and another time as male. Thus, the avocado tree can do it alone. It is rather advised to have several plants in order to guarantee a correct pollination.
Moreover, the hydrometry will be high during the setting or original phase during the formation of the fruit. It must correspond to 70 or 80 % and will be less high during the enlargement of the fruits. The avocado is considered a climacteric fruit, just like bananas. In fact, it grows on the tree, on which it can develop for several months.
Also, it ripens only when it is picked. So, you should know that a hard avocado is a symbol of freshness.
What month & seasons do avocado trees bear fruit?
The fruit is harvested from December to May, depending on the variety, so during the winter and spring. On the tree, they usually remain hard and reach full ripeness once detached from the tree. Pick them when they are ripe or collect those that have fallen off.
How many times does the avocado tree bear fruit in a year?
Avocados grow only once a year on each flower. This is because once pollinated, the avocado flower takes about 9 months to turn into a leaf.
Do avocados produce fruit year round?
No, the avocado tree does not produce fruit year round. Depending on the species, the optimal time to harvest avocados is from December to May.
When does the avocado tree bear fruit?
After planting, it takes four years before the tree produces its first fruit. After that, the avocado tree produces numerous avocados every year after the flowering period.
How big do avocado trees produce fruit?
The avocado tree can reach between 8 and 20 ft high outdoors and live up to 70 years. Production starts at least 4 years after planting but can be much later.
The avocado tree requires a lot of sunlight. Although it can grow in a wide range of soils as long as they are well drained, the avocado tree prefers (in the garden) sandy or sandy-clay soils.
Do you need a male and female avocado tree to produce fruit?
The maturation of the male and female organs being spread out in time on the same tree, it is therefore necessary to have 2 trees with staggered flowerings so that there is pollen released at the same time as fertile stigmas, is a type where the pollen is late and a type where the maturation of the stigma is early (this is played out over 24 hours): this is what we call a type A and a type B. Without this, the number of avocados on the tree will be low.
It is therefore quite possible to obtain avocados with only one avocado tree, but the number will obviously be lower.
Why does my avocado tree won’t give fruits?
The first thing to check on your avocado tree, is that it produces flowers, if so, impossible that it gives you fruits, no flowers = no fruits.
To know that the main reason for a lack of flowers is a lack of light. Moreover, if you have 2 avocado trees, it is necessary to verify that both produce flowers.
It can also happen on certain species that the male flowers open in the morning and close in the afternoon, then inversely for the females, the flowers close in the morning and open in the afternoon.
If this is the case, we advise you to have 2 different types of avocado trees, this way you will be sure that the flowers will cross at one time or another.
Where is the avocado cultivated in the world?
Today, the avocado tree is present in all the regions having the adequate climate. From Mexico to California through Israel, many countries have started to cultivate the avocado. We can also find it in Guatemala, in the West Indies and in the south of Spain.
How to avoid the diseases and to look after the avocado tree?
If the avocado tree is a very resistant fruit tree, it remains sensitive to certain diseases. It fears in particular the phytophthora cinnamoma, a dangerous fungus which develops when the humidity and the temperature are high. To counter the development of this fungus, it is important to treat the tree with aluminum Phosethyl.
The tree is also host to certain parasites such as the red spider that feeds on the cells present in the leaves. To limit their spread, it is possible to spray the leaves with water. Indeed, these insects hate humidity!